ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. In a compelling feature, our special correspondent engages in a thought-provoking dialogue with esteemed senior ENT doctor, Dr. Pankaj Gupta, to explore a spectrum of fundamental inquiries encompassing the realm of Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) health. This article sets the stage for an enlightening exploration of common ENT-related queries through the insightful perspectives shared by Dr. Gupta.
What are the common causes of hearing loss?
Hearing loss can be caused by various factors, including aging, noise exposure, genetics, ear infections, ototoxic medications, and certain medical conditions.
What is the function of the eustachian tube?
The eustachian tube connects the middle ear to the back of the throat and helps equalize pressure between the middle ear and the outside environment. It also drains fluids from the middle ear.
What is tonsillitis, and how is it treated?
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, often caused by viral or bacterial infections. Treatment may include rest, fluids, pain relievers, and antibiotics if the cause is bacterial. In some cases, recurrent tonsillitis may require surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy).
What is a deviated nasal septum?
A deviated nasal septum occurs when the wall of tissue (nasal septum) between the nostrils is displaced to one side, which can lead to breathing difficulties, sinus issues, and nasal congestion.
What are common symptoms of sinusitis?
Sinusitis is characterized by symptoms such as facial pain or pressure, nasal congestion, headache, postnasal drip, and decreased sense of smell. It can be caused by infections or other factors.
What is vertigo, and how is it treated?
Vertigo is a sensation of spinning or dizziness. It can be caused by issues in the inner ear. Treatment may include medications, physical therapy exercises, or maneuvers to reposition inner ear crystals.
What is a tympanoplasty?
Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure to repair a perforated eardrum. It involves grafting tissue onto the hole in the eardrum to restore its function.
What is laryngitis?
Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box), often caused by viral infections, overuse of the voice, or irritants. It can lead to hoarseness or loss of voice.
What is a cochlear implant?
A cochlear implant is a device used to provide a sense of sound to individuals with severe to profound hearing loss. It bypasses damaged portions of the inner ear and stimulates the auditory nerve directly.
What is the role of the adenoids in the body?
Adenoids are lymphoid tissue located at the back of the throat near the nasal passages. They play a role in the immune system and are most active during childhood. Enlarged adenoids can contribute to breathing difficulties and snoring.